El Escorial Palace, Basilica, and Monastery

El Escorial Palace, Basilica, and Monastery

El Escorial is a complex of a palace, a basilica, and a monastery in a town of Madrid (province), called San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

The palace was the residence of the Spanish Royal Family, and in the basilica, there is their pantheon, and burial chambers.

El Escorial is one of the most unique Renaissance architecture of Spain and Europe, and it occupies an area of ​​33,327 m² (39,860 yd²), on the southern slope of Mount Abantos,  in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Arcos en el lado sur de El Escorial
Arcos en el lado sur de El Escorial

Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real, or simply El Escorial, was constructed in the second half of the sixteenth century by King Felipe II, and his architect Juan Bautista de Toledo.  Later on, others intervened like, Juan de Herrera, Juan de Minjares, Giovanni Battista and Francisco de Mora.

Since the late sixteenth century, El Escorial was considered the Eighth Wonder of the World, due to its functional complexity, size, and its huge symbolic value.

Frente del Palacio del Escorial
Frente del Palacio del Escorial

Enormous monumental building, is also holder of the other great forms of art.

El Escorial is also a Museum because of its paintings, sculptures, and other luxury objects.

In the private quarters of the Kings, there are important paintings of the Spanish school from the early seventeenth century, Italian and Venetian school from the sixteenth century, and Flemish schools from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, including The Sins of Bosch.

Fachada Sur de El Escorial
Fachada Sur de El Escorial

El Escorial is the fulfilment of the will and ideas of its creator, King Felipe II.

It is recommended, that if you plan this tour to visit El Escorial, might as well, include the Valle de los Caídos (Valley Of The Fallen), and/or La Granja which are nearby.

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